Adjective Definition & Example

Adjective definition and usage can be sometimes tricky,however we have tried it to be as simple as possible.An adjective is a part of speech which describes, identifies, or quantifies a noun or a pronoun. So basically, the main function of an adjective is to modify a noun or a pronoun so that it will become more specific and interesting. Instead of just one word, a group of words with a subject and a verb, can also function as an adjective. When this happens, the group of words is called an adjectives clause.

For example:

  • For example: My brother, who is much older than I am, is an astronaut.

In the example above, the underlined clause modifies the noun ”brother.” But what if the group of words doesn’t have a subject and a verb? What do you think the resulting group of words will be called?

If you think it’s called an adjective phrase, you are right.

  • For example: She is prettier than you.

What are the Different Type of Adjectives and definition ?

1. Descriptive Adjective or Adjectives of Quality

Among the different kinds of adjectives, descriptive adjectives are probably the most common ones. They simply say something about the quality or the kind of the noun or pronoun they’re referring to.

Examples:

  • Erika is witty.
  • Adrian’s reflexes are amazing.
  • He is an honest man.
  • The foolish old crow tried to sing.

2. Adjective of Number or Adjectives of Quantity

As the name suggests, this kind of adjective answers the question, “How many?” or “How much?”

Examples:

  • Twenty-one students failed the exam.
  • The plants need more water.
  • He showed much patience.
  • The whole sum was expended.
  • There has not been sufficient rain this year.

3. Demonstrative Adjective

Demonstrative adjectives point out pronouns and nouns, and always come before the words they are referring to.

Examples:

  • I used to buy this kind of shirts.
  • This boy is stronger than Harry.
  • These Oranges are sour.
  • I hate such things.

4. Emphasizing Adjectives

Obviously, this kind of adjectives shows words like “own” and “very” which emphasizes a point. Aside from that, Emphasizing adjectives always come before the noun.

Examples: 

  • He was beaten at his own game.
  • He is his own master.

5. Interrogative Adjective

Interrogative adjective definition is loosely referred as to ask questions and are always followed by a noun.

Examples:

  • What movie are you watching?
  • Which plants should be placed over here?

Questions based on Adjective Definition and its usage

Exercise – Fill suitable adjectives in given blanks

  • The town stood a _____ siege
  • The ______ prize was won by James
  • The _______ woman lives in a wretched hut
  • It is a ___ lie.
  • Nelson won for himself ______ fame
  • He always walks with a ______ step
  • He was a man of _______ ambition
  • You cannot have it ____ ways
  • Have you any ___ reasons to give
  • He was listened to in ___ silence
  • He stands ____ feet in his stockings
  • An ___ man will not reason calmly
  • There were riots in ____ places

For more Grammar lesson and exercise, please visit here

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