GRE Reading Comprehension practice – Verbal Reasoning Questions

This section will provide GRE Reading comprehension Practice tests. Comprehension or passage is an important part of Verbal Reasoning Section in GRE exam . ETS GRE 2019 preparation for paragraph reading under English section can be done through this page. Regular practice of this Test should help you in improving GRE Test score.

In this section , few paragraphs or passage are listed. Each passage will be followed by Multiple choice Question (MCQ). Candidate has to read the passage carefully and answer the Questions that follows.

  • Reading Comprehension 1
  • Reading Comprehension 2
  • Reading Comprehension 3
  • Reading Comprehension 4
  • Reading Comprehension 5

For detailed GRE preparation and Syllabus for each subject, please refer GRE Pattern

Reading Comprehension – 1

Under the concerted assault of the modern debunking ‘science’, psychology and sociology, nothing indeed has seemed to be more safely buried than the concept of freedom. Even revolutionists would rather degrade freedom to the rank of a lower-middle class prejudice than admit that the aim of revolution was and always has been, freedom. yet, if it was amazing to see how the very word freedom could disappear from the revolutionary vocabulary, it has perhaps been no less astounding to watch how in recent years the idea of freedom has intruded itself into the centre of all present political debates, the discussion of war and of a justifiable use of violence. Historically, wars are among the oldest phenomenon of the recorded past while revolutions, properly speaking, did not exist prior to the modern age; they are among the most recent of all major political data. In contrast to revolution, the aim of war was only in rare bound up with the notion of freedom and while it is true that warlike uprising against a foreign invader have frequently been felt to be scared , they have never been recognized either in theory or in practice, as the only just wars.
Q 1 – What is the main idea of passage ?
  • Psychology and sociology have killed the idea of freedom
  • Wars are the oldest
  • Revolutions are the product of modern age
  • Freedom is at the centre of revolutions

Q 2 – What can we infer from the passage ?
  • Revolutions are of recent origin
  • Aim of war is freedom
  • Wars and Revolutions determine the physiognomy of the present age
  • None of these

Q 3 – The author does not say —
  • Psychology and sociology are debunking science
  • freedom was taken to be a class of prejudice
  • no war is sacred war
  • none of these

Q 4 – The style of the writer is —
  • Illustrative
  • Poetic
  • Analytical
  • Expository

Reading Comprehension 2

The students should devote the whole of their vacations to village services. To this end, instead of taking their walks along beaten paths, they should walk to the villages within easy reach of their institutions and study the condition of the village folk and befriend them. This habit will bring them in contact with the villagers whom when the students actually go to stay in their midst will, by reason of the previous occasional contact , receive them as friends rather than strangers to be looked upon with suspicion. During the long vacation, the students will stay in the villages and conduct classes for the adults and to teach the rules of sanitation to the villagers and attend the ordinary cases of illness. They will also introduce the spinning wheel amongst them and teach them the use of every spare minute. in order that this may be done, students and teacher will have to revise their ides of the use of vacation. Often do thoughtless teachers prescribe lessons to be dome during the vacations. This, in my opinion, is in any case a vicious habit. vacation is just the period when students minds should be free from the routine work and be left free for self -help and original development. the village work, i have mentioned , is easily the best form of recreation. it is obviously the best preparation for dedication to exclusive village service after finishing the studies.
Q 1 – “To this end” means ?
  • for its death
  • with this view
  • with this aim
  • with this ending

Q 2 – What should students do during vacations ?
  • Village service
  • Study villages
  • Teach them
  • Study for examinations

Q 3 – How do we generally receive a stranger ?
  • As friends
  • with suspicion
  • with occasional contact
  • with faith

Q 4 – How can villagers utilize their spare time ?
  • by spinning
  • by sanitation
  • teaching adults
  • by working in fields

Q 5 – Should home work be given during vacations ?
  • No
  • Yes
  • Some work
  • Some work different from school work

Reading Comprehension 3
It is not my purpose here to examine the political obstacles to world peace. To be sure the political problems are critical. There can be no real peace until nations have found way to resolve or accommodate their differences. in the present atmosphere of acute distrust, general and complete disarmament is indeed a hopeless dream. Yet if we cannot have disarmament and true peace , we may at least hope of the for the absence of war-until disarmament becomes feasible. To preserve the absence of war, we must somehow halt the nuclear arms race, for it is speedily intensifying political conflicts and increasing the chances of a showdown. As president Kennedy has said ” No sane society chooses to commit national suicide. Yet that is the fate which the arms race, has in store for us – unless we can find a way to stop it
How to stop it, that is the life and death question of 1960’s. No one supposes that that there is any easy or magic formula. It is not likely that the United States and the Soviet Union will suddenly “see the light” together and amiably conclude an agreement. Nevertheless they share one great interest; they have common interest in staying alive. Further more , both nations have a mutual concern about the future rise of other nuclear powers- notably China and Germany. In the long run a nuclear armed China will be great threat to its neighbor, the USSR, as to the United States. The present nuclear powers, therefore have the strongest motives to bring these weapons under control while there is still time. The time is short. The 1970s will be too late.
Q 1 – What is the way to establish real peace ?
  • by resolving differences
  • through political management
  • through disarmament
  • through war

Q 2 – Why cannot we think of disarmament ?
  • because of war
  • because of political problems
  • because of lack of faith in one and other
  • none of these

Q 3 – What harm nuclear arms race is doing ?
  • polluting the atmosphere
  • creating tension among nations
  • intensifying conflicts in political fields
  • inciting people

Q 4 – What is “life and death” question of 1960s ?
  • finding way to stop war
  • finding way to stop disarmament
  • finding way to stop national suicide
  • none of these

Q 5 – What does “see the light” mean in the passage ?
  • see reason
  • pierce ignorance
  • See light of new life
  • see East

Reading Comprehension 4
One of the myths relevant to the contemporary human conditions is that of Promotheus. It has positive and optimistic undertones.Man can better himself and aspire to higher worlds through his own efforts, though, in the process, he may suffer terrible tribulations, wars, revolutions, tortures of the body and the spirit. Time and again he would be tempted to throw in towel or retire into passivity and to the dream world of drug and delusions. But he will not, if made of the stuff of Promethuesm be diverted. He will stick to his goals as Prometheus did in stealing fire from the Gods, suffering terrible retribution for his pains. It is then hardly surprising that he should have become a myth, a legend. Most social reformers from Erasmus to Marx have believed in the Promethen man. Their motto; man can be destroyed but not defeated.

Two world wars, several revolutions, the possessions of vast arsenals of nuclear weapons , the absence of any guarantee against the eventual death of the earth itself have shaken the belief in man’s ultimate triumph in his search of fulfillment. their is a tremendous variation in emphasis between man’s conception in time and god’s conception in infinity, said Soren Kiekegaard. He commended a leap to god-head as the only choice for man.But Kierkegaard was a religious man who believed in Christianity with all his being. in the West, as a result of wars and their aftermath, as result of the evils of colonialism and social disparities, the break-up of family life and the disintegration of the community into collection of individuals of alienated from one another by, on the one hand , assembly line production and one the other, the artificiality of city life. Belief in God has eroded. organised religions are barely patronized and religious values rarely obtrude in social relations.
Q 1 – According to Prometheus legend ..
  • man can never better himself at any cost.
  • man can better himself at the cost of physical suffering
  • man can better himself at the cost of great physical and spiritual tortures
  • man can better himself without any suffering

Q 2 – Men who have the Promethean qualities …. ?
  • are cowards
  • are disobedient and foolish
  • can be defeated
  • can be destroyed but not defeated

Q 3 – In the West the belief in God has eroded because of …. ?
  • the disintegration of community, the break-up of family life and the artificiality of city life.
  • people have scientific temper
  • people do not have time to think of god
  • people have faith in the artificiality of modern life

Q 4 – Alienated means the same as … ?
  • made indifferent
  • estranged
  • different
  • differed
  • annoyed

Q 5 – Man in his struggle to achieve a higher world ……. ?
  • sometimes become disillusioned and desperate
  • enters the world of drugs and delusions
  • becomes passive and disintegrated
  • never gives up the struggle, inspite of any hardships.

Reading Comprehension 5
It sounds pretty obvious: life is all a game. Charles lamb (1775-1834) put it rather elegantly;” man is a gaming animal. he must always be trying to get the better in something or other.” What John Harsanyi and other economists did was to apply mathematical logic to this Human urge and make game theory, as it is called, part of their tool kit. At its humblest level, game theory is useful in saving the players from going mad. in devising a strategy you know that your rival may know what you are planning, and he knows that you knows he knows, and so on .. even skilled chess-players can feel mentally wounded.
In chess and comparable real-life games, each side has basic information about the other. The problem of Charles lamb’s gaming animals is that they usually have imperfect knowledge about their opponents. They guessed , or relied on “intuition” , or as Napoleon said of his favorite generals, they were lucky. Until quite recent items, this was the way countries and great companies dealt with their rivals.
Mr Harsanyi’s contribution to game theory was to show that such games need not be played in a fog, or at least not much. It was possible to analyse such games and provide guidance about the probable moves and their outcomes. This advanced game theory was employed, at least by the Americans, in their negotiations with the Soviet Union on arms control. kennedy and khrushchev used game theory in their tussle over Cuban missiles in 1962.
Game theory is widely used in commerce, as happened this year when, with great success, the British government sold licences in an auction designed by an oxford economist, Paul K Lemperer. Some economists are watching with fascination the contest between the European central bank and the currency market over the future of the Europe, which was at least the look of an exercise in game theory. A Dutch team of economists applied the theory to international football and concluded that a bad team playing at home is more likely to score than a good one playing away. one effect of game theory is to make economists seem quite human.
As often happens when an idea becomes fashionable, there has been some argument about who first thought to game theory. Mr Harsanyi, who shared a Nobel prize in 1994 with two other Economists in the same field, John nah and Reinhard Selten, was happy to acknowledge that game theory had been around in some form for a long time. Players of poker and of course chess, had been using game theory without calling it that. Philosophy has a claim: it seeks to rationalize the behaviour of people with conflicting interests. As a young men in Budapest, Mr Haransayi had studied philosophy and mathematics and, to please his parents who ran a pharmacy, he added chemistry.
What triggered his interest in game theory appears to have been the work of John von neumann and Oskar morgenstern, who in 1944 published a book entitled ” the theory of games and economic behaviour”. Von Neumann was an American mathematician who, by coincidence, had also been born in Hungary and had attended the same school as Mr Harsanyi. He and Morgenstern may have been the first to show how the philosophical idea of rational behaviour could be applied to economics. They did not develop the idea. in his short life, von Neumann especially had many other interest, including work on quantum theory and the design of the first electronic computers. In paper after paper, mr haransayi and his colleagues took the theory further. It is still being polished.
the philosopher in John harsanyi saw in game heory means of improving the human conditions. he promoted the idea that the rightness of an action depended on its consequences, an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. the connection between the game theory and ethics is a complex one. his book on this theme, “essays on ethics, Social behaviour and scientific explanation”, is a hard read, just as game theory itself demands lots of tricky mathematics. No one would blame you for sticking to charles lamb.
Q 1 – What is author meaning to convey when he says, “even skilled chess-players can feel mentally wounded” ?
  • it saves player from going mad
  • the mathematics logic of the game theory leaves even skilled players wounded
  • that the theory is very complicated
  • chess players find the theory hard to comprehend.

Q 2 – the author feels that prior to game theory, companies and countries ….. ?
  • relied on guess work when dealing with each other
  • relied on luck rather then scientific analysis
  • made imperfect decisions
  • had no idea how to deal with each other.

Q 3 – the main contribution of Mr Harsanyi to game theory is :
  • it made economists seem quite human
  • games need not be played in fog now
  • it provided guidance about the probable moves of opponent.
  • it was employed by Americans in dealing with the Soviet union.

Q 4 – Why does the author say that one effect of the Game theory is to make economists seem quite human ?
  • because complicated theory can now be applied to real life situations.
  • because game theory was used in diverse fields like football and politics
  • because it brought economics closer to the massess.
  • because it was a way of adding human elements to complicated theories.

Q 5 – How did game theory originate ?
  • from the works of Harsanyi
  • from john nash and reinhard Selten
  • from john Von Neumann and Oskar Morgemoten
  • from games like Chess and Poker

Q 6 – The passage is a/an ….
  • review of a book written by Mr Harsanyi
  • assessment of the work of Mr Harsanyi
  • summation of Game theory
  • explanation of Game theory

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