# Articles Definition and Types with Example

Definition – An article is a word that is used to specify a noun. In literal terms Articles is basically an adjective which is used to refer to Nouns. Ex. A Doctor, an honest man , The Indian ocean

Articles are basically three words “A”, “An” or “The” who are used based on certain rules which will be discussed later on.

### Types of Articles –

1. Indefinite Articles – “A” or “An” is called Indefinite articles because it leaves indefinite the person or thing spoken of or We can say its used before a noun which is not defined in particular and referred as in general , for ex – an able man, a horse, a boy, an Elephant
2. Definite Article – “The” is called definite article as it points out some particular thing or person, for ex- The Doctor, The club, The Bus. here we are certain about the objects we are referring to and hence definite article.

### Rules for Articles usage –

Definite Article

1. When we speak of a particular person or thing, or one already referred to – for ex
• Let us go to the club ( here we are referring to a particular club we already knew)
• I dislike the fellow (Pointing to a certain person)
2. When a singular noun is used to represent a whole class, for ex
• The rose is sweetest of all flowers.
• The dog is the most faithful animal.
3. With names of gulfs, rivers, seas, oceans, groups of islands and mountain ranges for ex
• The Gulf of Saint Lawrence
• The Thames
• The Pacific Ocean
• The British isles
• The Himalayas
4. Before the names of certain important books
• The Bible, The Ramayana, The Vedas
5. Before common nouns which are names of things of unique kind
• The Sun
• The Sky
• The Earth
6. With superlatives
• The great Caesar
• The immortal Shakespeare
7. With ordinals
• He was the first man to arrive.
• The second chapter of book is most adventurous.
8. Before musical instruments
• He can play the flute.
• The Violin is most difficult musical instrument.
9. As an Adverb with comparatives as :
• The more the merrier
• The more they get, the more they want

Indefinite Article

1. In its original numerical sense of one; as
• 10 millimeter makes a centimeter
• A bird in hand is worth two in the bush
2. In the sense of any, to single out an individual as the representative of the class
• A cow is an useful animal.
• A pupil should obey his teacher.
3. To make a common noun of a proper noun
• A Robert come to judgement.

A or An – Which indefinite article to be used ?

• The choice between “A” or “An” is determined by sound. Before a word beginning with a vowel sound “an” is used; for ex –
 An ass, An enemy, An orange,An hour, An honest man, an heir

Point here to be noted that the words hour,honest begins with a vowel sound as the initial consonant h is not pronounced.

• Before a word beginning with a consonant sound “a” is used; for ex
A boy, A woman,A yard, A university,A unicorn

Here are few example for exercise , Complete the following sentence with A, An or the.

#### Exercise – Fill article in blanks

• Copper is ___ useful metal
• He is not __ honourable man
• __ able man has not always a distinguished look
• Do you see __ blue sky