Cause and Effect Reasoning

When Examining events, people naturally seek to explain why things happened. This search often results in cause and effect reasoning. The questions on cause and effect reasoning are mainly designed to decide on a candidate’s ability to analyse a pair of given statements and to correlate them in terms of cause and effect.

Directions for solving Questions – In each of the following questions, two statements numbered 1 and 2 are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as :

A) If statement 1 is the cause and statement 2 is its effect.

B) If statement 2 is the cause and statement 1 is its effect.

C) If both the statements 1 and 2 are independent causes.

D) If both the statements 1 and 2 are effects of independent causes.

E) If both the statements 1 and 2 are effects of some common causes.

Q 1. Statement – 1 The prices of vegetables increased considerably during this summer.

Statement – 2 There is tremendous increase in the temperature during this summer thereby damaging crops greatly.


Q 2 – Statement 1- Police resorted to baton-charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people.

Statement 2- The citizens forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.


Q 3 – Statement 1 – It is the aim of the city’s civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next 2 months.

Statement 2 – The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.


Q 4 – Statement 1 – Large number of people living in the low lying areas have been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.

Statement 2 – The government has rushed to in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.

Q 4 – Statement 1 – The performance of most of the students in final exam of class Tenth in the schools run by government was excellent.

Statement 2 – Many teachers of the government schools left the school and joined private schools.

Q 5 – Statement 1 – Majority of the citizens in the locality belong to higher income group.

Statement 2 – The sales in the local super market are comparatively much higher than in other localities.


Q 6 – Statement 1 – The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.

Statement 2 – The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

Q 7 – Statement 1 – All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.

Statement 2 – Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.


Q 8 Statement 1 – There is a sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year.

Statement 2 – The government has decided to increase the import of Edible oil


Q 9 Statement 1 – The employees of the biggest bank in the country have given an indefinite strike call starting from third of the next month.

Statement 2 – The employees of the Central government have withdrawn their week long demonstrations.

Q 10 – Statement 1- There is unprecedented increase in the number of young unemployed in comparison to the previous year.

Statement 2 – A large number of candidates submitted applications against an advertisement for the post of manager issued by a bank.

For more Reasoning Questions, please refer here.

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