Directions for Comprehension 2 – Each passage is followed by Question. Please go through each passage and select the best possible answer from given choices.
My part in producing the Atom Bomb consisted in a single act ; I signed a letter to President Roosevelt, pressing the need for experiments on a large scale in order to explore the possibilities for the production of an atomic bomb.
I was fully aware of the terrible danger to mankind in case this attempt succeeded. But the likelihood that the Germans were working on the same problem with a chance of succeeding force me to this step. I could do nothing else, although I always have been a convinced pacifist. to my mind, to kill in war is not a whit better that to commit ordinary murder.
As long, however ,as the nations are not resolved to abolish war through common actions and to solve their conflicts and protect their interests by peaceful decisions on a legal basis, they feel compelled to prepare for war. They feel obliged to prepare all possible means, even the most detestable ones, so as not to be left behind in the general armament race. This road necessarily leads to war which, under the present condition, means universal destruction.
Under these circumstances the fight against the means of war has no chance of success. Only the radical abolition of wars and of the threat of war can help. This is a severe demand on an individual who is conscious of his dependence on society. But it is not an impossible demand.
Gandhi, the greatest politician genius of our time, has pointed the way. he has shown of what sacrifices people are capable, once they have found he right way. His work for the liberation of India is a living testimony to the fact that a will governed by firm conviction is stronger than a seemingly invincible material power.
Answer the below questions based on Comprehension 2 above.
Q 1 – Which one of the following sentences is correct ?
- The author strongly feels that once must work towards the abolition of wars and threat of war
- The author is not directly responsible for the production of Atom bomb.
- The author wishes he had no role in producing as detestable a device as an atomic bomb
- The author regrets even the little role that he has had to play in the development of the atomic bomb
Answer is “C”
Q 2 – Which one of the following sentences is correct based on inference from passage ?
- There is no contradiction in a ‘convinced pacifist’ recommending production of a nuclear bomb if the situation so demands.
- The author wanted at all costs to ensure that the Germans were not the first to produce an Atom bomb.
- Murder in war is no more justified than murder elsewhere
- Nations prepare for war as they are not resolved to solve their conflicts peacefully
Answer is “D”
Q 3 – Which one of the following sentences is correct ?
- Unless the means of wars are eliminated, it is difficult to eliminate wars.
- Efforts are better attempting to eliminate the wars themselves, rather than attempting to eliminate their means.
- Trying to eliminate the means of wars has little probability of success.
- Abolotion of wars and the threat of wars can only be brought about radically.
Answer is “C”
Q 4 – Which one of the following sentences is correct ?
- Gandhi is the greatest politician of the twentieth century.
- Gandhi has shown that people can make utmost sacrifice if only the cause is just.
- In Gandhi’s action lies the solution to the nuclear disarmament problem.
- Gandhi has proved that non-violence as a means for settling disputes can work better than brute strength
Answer is “A”
Q 5 – The central them of passage or Comprehension 2 is ?
- Abolition of wars
- Nuclear disarmament
- Futility of wars
Answer is “A”
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